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Explore Baotuo Temple | Feel the cultural connotation of traditional Chinese architecture!

(Summary description)

Explore Baotuo Temple | Feel the cultural connotation of traditional Chinese architecture!

(Summary description)


Mr. Liu Dunzhen said: "No matter what kind of national architecture in the world, before the Middle Ages, the main spiritual reason for its development was not both politics and religion. However, political forces are not as universal as religion. Communicating the cultures of various ethnic groups affects architecture, but politics and religion are always difficult to communicate. This phenomenon is not only the case in Europe, India and China, but also the same.... Therefore, since Buddhism came to the east, Chinese architecture Being immersed in this culture is really profound and broad."


With the development of the city and the passage of time, those ancient Chinese buildings with exquisite carvings, exquisite art, and unique styles have been destroyed or rebuilt and gradually disappeared into our world. And those religious buildings that condensed the essence of Chinese ancient architecture have been well preserved to this day. They have picked up a historical context that has been passed down for thousands of years and brought us to feel the cultural connotation of traditional Chinese architecture……





The Baotuo Temple is located on the top of Zhaobao Mountain. It is the practice site of Buddhism and Zen. It faces the north and faces the south. On the central axis, from south to north, there are Tianwang Hall, Yuantong Hall and Tibetan Scripture Building.



Confucianism has a great influence on ancient Chinese architecture. Confucianism advocates square symmetry and orderly, thus forming a strict central axis symmetrical layout of the building group. Since Buddhism was introduced to China and influenced by Confucianism, Buddhist temples have gradually evolved into ritual courtyards centered on temples.



Cigarettes curled up and shredded tobacco lingered, walking into Weiyuan City, chanting Sanskrit sounds endlessly. With dark gray bricks and bright yellow exterior walls, the first hall of the Baotuo Temple, the Hall of Heavenly Kings, stands among the green and is particularly eye-catching.



In the middle of the hall, there is a statue of Maitreya, and a statue of Wei Tuo Tianzun is enshrined on the back. There are four statues of heavenly kings on both sides, holding a magical instrument, its majestic appearance, glaring at it, it is awe-inspiring!



Walking out of the Palace of Heavenly Kings is a beautiful forest path, with magnificent bamboos, birds and flowers, carved inscriptions in Ming and Qing dynasties, covered by inscriptions, stepping on the lotus platform, walking lightly, quietly meditating, and suddenly Zen.



Step to the front of Yuantong Hall, there is a bell and a drum on the second floor facing each other, the left is the bell tower, and the right is the drum tower. As the so-called morning bell and evening drum, monks ring the bell in the morning and respond with the drum; in the evening, they beat the drum first and respond with the bell.



Unlike other temples, Baotuo Temple does not have the Great Hall of Great Heroes, and the main hall of the temple is Yuantong Hall. Avalokitesvara's name is Yuantong, and the Yuantong Hall is the hall dedicated to Guanyin.



Introduction to Yuantong Palace


According to textual research, the Yuantong Palace was moved from the Zizhu Forest of Meicen Mountain in the 36th year of Jiajing in Ming Dynasty (1557). It was destroyed and rebuilt many times after wars. The current Yuantong Palace has 5 rooms, 10.8 meters high, 19.7 meters wide, 18.3 meters deep, and has a construction area of 360.51 square meters.



Inside the temple is dedicated to the Golden Vairocana Guanyin Buddha statue, together with the lotus pedestal, up to 8 meters high, "Shan Cai", "Dragon Girl", and 32 statues of Guanyin incarnation are arranged side by side. There is a statue of Sakyamuni Buddha. There are eighteen arhat statues on both sides of the statue and on the back wall, placed on a 1.2-meter-high stone Sumi seat.



Yuantong Hall is the architectural core of Baotuo Temple. The main hall is a double-edged mountain top, front and back double-step beam-lifting structure, red rafter tube tiles, a bronze mirror suspended in the main ridge, and a dragon head glass owl kiss at both ends, and the sun surface is embedded with &ldquo ;Guotai Min'an”, Yinmian“Good weather and good weather” big book. The lotus stone windows are exquisitely carved, the four ridged ridges are carved with eaves, and the lower eaves are hung with warped corners.



Architecture is an organic carrier that carries the diverse world and cultural customs. In ancient times, people used to use architecture to embody the dignity and inferiority. Every building has strict regulations on its compartments, shapes, colors, and ridge decorations, and it must not be violated.


When tourists visit scenic spots,

If you want to know how high the grade of the building community is?

Observe the main building and know one or two!



Look at the roof


There are six types of traditional Chinese roofs: double eaves palace roof, double eaves xieshan top, single eaves palace top, single eaves xieshan top, hanging mountain top, and hard mountain top. In ancient China, there were strict grade restrictions on the style of building roofs, among which the double-eave roof was the highest. The Palace of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City is the top of the double eaves palace. The double eaves Xieshan top is second only to the top of the double eaves palace. It is mostly used in important places such as palaces and temples.



The Yuantong Hall and Zangjing Pavilion of Baotuo Temple are both double-eaves and Xieshan top structures, the main building is majestic, showing the atmosphere. There are nine roof ridges on the top of Xieshan, namely one orthopedic ridge, four vertical ridges and four ridges, so it is also called nine ridges. Because the two ends of the ridge are broken once to the middle of the eaves, it is divided into vertical ridges and ridges, hence the name Xieshanding. The double-eave Xieshanding is a Xieshanding roof structure with two eaves.



In addition, there are unclassified Cuanjian. The biggest feature of Cuanjian is that the roof is tapered without a ridge, and the top is concentrated at one point, namely Baoding, which is mostly used in landscape architecture such as pavilions, pavilions, and towers. The Chess Ping Pavilion of Zhaobaoshan is a hexagonal double-eave spire structure.



Several bays


In ancient times, the number of facing rooms in a building was called "open rooms." In Chinese folks, there is a saying that nine is the highest in the number of yang, and five is in the middle. Therefore, most of the rooms in the main hall are singular, and the more open, The higher the level. The Yuantong Palace is five rooms wide, and the Palace of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City in Beijing has the largest number of rooms as high as eleven.



Number beast


The roof ridge of Yuantong Palace is decorated with various ridge beasts. Among them, there are kiss beasts at both ends of the ridge, which is also called "dragon kiss", which symbolizes the eradication of fire. On the vertical spine, there is a beast called "Laughing Wind". Legend has it that it is bold and dangerous and used to ward off evil spirits. There are beasts on the ridges, and their number and usage are strictly restricted.



On the ridge of the Yuantong Hall are placed a fairy riding a phoenix and 4 sitting beasts. The more small beasts, the higher the building level. The Palace of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City is the highest-level ancient Chinese building. There are 10 small beasts arranged on the horns and ridges. The order is: "One dragon, two phoenixes, three lions, seahorses, horses, six-pointed fishes, and nine bullfights. It's like a monkey", plus the leading phoenix-riding fairy, there are eleven in total, symbolizing the supremacy of imperial power.



These sitting animals not only show the architectural level, but also have their own meanings. In ancient Chinese myths, some can suppress water and avoid fire, some can reduce demons and remove obstacles, and some can bring good luck. Even if you don't believe in Buddhism, come to Baotuo Temple and read the traditional culture of ancient Chinese architecture. Don't be interesting!



Compared with the quaint and long-standing Baotuo Temple, the newly completed Aozhu Pagoda is more magnificent in appearance such as the dougong, color paintings, and platform base. Please listen to the editor next time and I will talk about it for you...





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