Baotuo Temple | Experience the cultural connotation of traditional Chinese architecture!

Mr. Liu Dunzhen said: "No matter what kind of national architecture in the world, before the Middle Ages, the main spiritual reasons for its development were not political and religious. However, political power is not as universal as religion, so it communicates the cultures of all ethnic groups and affects architecture, but politics is always difficult to communicate with religion. This phenomenon is not only the case in Europe, that is, India and China, but also the same.... Therefore, since Buddhism came to the east, the architecture of our country has been deeply and widely immersed in this culture."


With the development of the city and the passage of time, those ancient Chinese buildings with exquisite carvings, exquisite art and unique styles have been damaged or rebuilt and gradually disappeared in our world. And those religious buildings that embody the essence of ancient Chinese architecture have been well preserved to this day, decorating us with a historical context that has been passed down for thousands of years, and taking us to experience the cultural connotation of traditional Chinese architecture......





Baotuo Zen Temple is located on the top of Zhaobaoshan Mountain. It is the Buddhist Zen practice site. It faces south, and the central axis is from south to north.



Confucianism has a great influence on ancient Chinese architecture. Confucianism advocates square symmetry and order, thus forming a strict central axis symmetry layout of architectural groups. Since Buddhism was introduced into China, under the influence of Confucianism, the Buddhist temple has gradually evolved into a courtyards centered on the temple.



Cigarettes curled up and tobacco shreds curled around, walking into Weiyuan City, ah Bai Sanskrit was heard all the time. The ink-gray bricks and tiles, the bright yellow outer wall, the first hall of Baotuo Temple, the Heavenly King Hall, stands among the emerald green, which is particularly eye-catching.



The statue of Maitreya is enshrined in the middle of the hall, and the statue of Wei Tuo Buddha is enshrined on the back. There are four statues of heavenly kings on both sides, holding a multiplier. Its appearance is majestic, glaring and awe-inspiring!



Walking out of the Hall of Heavenly Kings is a beautiful forest path, with lush forests and bamboo cultivation, birds and flowers, inscriptions in the Ming and Qing dynasties, covering them, stepping on the lotus platform, walking lightly, shallow meditation, meditation, and meditation.



Step to the front of Yuantongbao Hall, there are clocks and drums on the second floor opposite to each other, with the bell tower on the left and the drum tower on the right. As the saying goes, the morning bell and the evening drum, monks ring the bell first in the morning and use the drum to correspond. In the evening, the drum is played first, and the bell is used to correspond.



Unlike other temples, Baotuo Zen Temple does not have the main hall, and the main hall in the temple is the Yuantong Hall. Guanyin Grand Master is known as Yuantong, and Yuantong Hall is the hall dedicated to Guanyin.



Introduction of Yuantong Palace


According to research, the Yuantong Treasure Hall was moved from the purple bamboo forest of Meicen Mountain in the 36th year of Jiajing of the Ming Dynasty (1557). After several wars, it was destroyed and rebuilt many times. At present, the Yuantong Treasure Hall has five rooms, 10.8 meters high, 19.7 meters wide, 18.3 meters deep and 360.51 square meters of construction area.



The temple is dedicated to the statue of Guanyin Buddha with gold stickers, together with the lotus pedestal, which is 8 meters high. The "good fortune" and "dragon girl" are two sculptures, and 32 incarnations of Guanyin statues are left and right. The Buddha statue of Sakyamuni is set up. There are 18 arhats on both sides of the Buddha statue and the back eaves wall, which are placed on the 1.2-meter-high stone sumeru pedestal.



Yuantong Baotou Hall is the core of Baotuo Temple. The main hall is a double-edged mountain top, front and rear double-step beam lifting structure, with Zhu rafter tube tiles, bronze mirrors hanging in the main ridge, dragon heads with colored glaze kisses at both ends, and large books on the sun surface and "good weather" on the shade. Lotus stone windows, beautifully carved, four pieces of ridge cornices carved Jin, under the eaves tilt angle hanging Hui leather, with the wind singing gold.



Architecture is an organic carrier that carries all kinds of human life and cultural customs. In ancient times, people used to use architecture to reflect the order of respect and inferiority. There are strict regulations on the opening, shape, color and spine decoration of buildings, which should not be violated.


When tourists visit scenic spots,

If you want to know how high the grade of the building community?

Look at the main building and you will know one or two!



Look at the roof.


There are six kinds of traditional Chinese roofs: double-eaved roof, double-eaved roof, single-eaved roof, single-eaved roof, hanging roof and hard roof. In ancient China, the style of building roofs had strict grade restrictions, of which the top of the double eaves was the highest. The Imperial Palace Hall of Supreme Harmony is the double eaves roof, which is second only to the double eaves roof, and is mostly used in important places such as palaces and temples.



The Yuantong Baotou and the Sutra Pavilion of Baotuo Temple are both constructed on the top of the heavy eaves and Xieshan Mountain, with the main building being dignified and highlighting the atmosphere. There are nine ridges on the top of Xieshan Mountain, namely one main ridge, four vertical ridges and four dead ridges, so it is also called nine ridge tops. Because the two ends of its main ridge broke once to the middle of the eaves, it was divided into vertical ridge and pit ridge, so it was named Xieshan Peak. Heavy eaves Xieshan roof is a two-story roof structure.



In addition, there is a non-grade saving spire. The biggest feature of the saving spire is that the roof is tapered and there is no positive ridge. The top is concentrated in one point, namely the top of the treasure, which is mostly used in landscape buildings such as pavilions, pavilions and towers. The chess pavilion in Zhaobaoshan is a hexagonal double-eaves pinnacle structure.



Number of open rooms


In ancient times, the face-to-face number of buildings was called "open room", and there was a saying among Chinese people that the ninth five-year plan was supreme. Nine was the highest in the number of yang, and five were in the middle. Therefore, most of the open rooms in the main hall were singular, and the more open rooms, the higher the grade. The Yuantong Treasure Hall is five rooms wide, and the largest number of rooms in the Imperial Palace in Beijing is as high as 11 rooms.



Number of Beasts


The roof of the Yuantong Palace is decorated with various ridge beasts, of which there are kissing beasts at both ends of the ridge, opening their mouths and swallowing the ridge, also known as "dragon kiss", symbolizing the elimination of fire. There is a hanging beast on the vertical ridge, which is called "mockery of the wind". It is said that its boldness is dangerous and is used to ward off evil spirits. There are beasts on the berth ridge, and their number and usage are strictly limited by level.



There are riding impatiens and 4 sitting animals on the ridge of Yuantong Treasure Hall. The more small animals, the higher the building level. The Hall of Supreme Harmony in the Forbidden City is the highest-ranking ancient Chinese building. There are 10 small beasts arranged on the horn ridge. The order is: "One dragon, two phoenix, three lions, seahorse, six fish, nine mongoose, nine bullfights, and finally a monkey", plus the leading impatiens, a total of 11, symbolizing the supremacy of imperial power.



These sitting beasts not only show the architectural hierarchy, but also have their own meanings. In ancient Chinese mythology, some can control water and avoid fire, some can subdue demons and remove obstacles, and some can bring good luck. Even if you don't believe in Buddhism, it is interesting to come to Baotuo Temple to read the traditional culture of ancient Chinese architecture!



Compared with the simple and long-standing Baotuo Temple, the newly completed Aojiang Pillar Pagoda is more magnificent in appearance such as fighting arch, color painting and platform foundation. Please listen to Xiao Bian to explain it to you next time......





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