How to wear a mask correctly? This article tells you!

Recently, "novel coronavirus"

They caught everyone's heart.

Plus the flu, which is still raging among people.

A sea of people traveling during the Spring Festival

A lot of people have realized

It's time to wear a mask when you go out.

 

That's right!

This is to prevent respiratory infections

Very important measures

But is it useful just to wear a mask?

What kind of occasions need to wear masks?

What kind of mask to choose?

How to wear it correctly?

To play a real protective role

This is all exquisite

 

 

When should you wear a mask?

 

 

※ go to the hospital to see a doctor, visit patients, especially to the hospital fever clinic or respiratory department;
※ go to supermarkets, shopping malls, cinemas and other crowded places;
In order to prevent ※ from transmitting the disease to others, they should wear masks in time when they have symptoms of respiratory diseases such as fever, cough, and runny nose;
※ haze weather in outdoor activities, it is recommended to wear a mask.

 

 

 

How to choose a mask

 

 

       Ordinary cotton masks, all kinds of net red masks
The material may be cotton, gauze, wool, canvas and velvet, etc., mainly used for warmth. Because the material itself is not dense enough to prevent infection, it is not recommended to wear.

 

       General protective mask with breather valve
Exhalation valves exist to prevent dust and haze, but cannot be used to prevent respiratory infections.
 

Disposable medical masks

In general, when going out to crowded places, disposable medical masks can be used.

 

       Medical surgical mask

It can prevent respiratory infections to some extent. Please note that it is a medical surgical mask, not an ordinary protective cleaning mask. To go to the fever clinic or respiratory department of the hospital, or contact with patients with respiratory diseases, it is recommended to use a medical surgical mask.

 
       Medical protective mask

Compared with medical surgical masks, medical protective masks have a higher level of protection and are the "fighter" in masks, but at the same time the price is higher. Applies to the following situations:

 
※ contact with people with airborne infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis;
※ contact with patients with diseases that are clearly recommended to use medical protective masks for protection, such as plague, highly pathogenic avian influenza, SARS, etc.
 

 

01

       distinguish between positive and negative

The mask is divided into front and back, upper and lower sides. The front side (facing outwards) is mostly light blue or dark, the back side (facing inwards) is mostly white or light, and the metal strip with nose clip inside is the top.

 

02

       Hand washing

You need to wash your hands before wearing a mask, because the mask is relatively sterile. If you touch the mask with dirty hands, you will rub the dirty things on the mask and wear the mask for nothing.

 

03

       Put it on.
Make sure that the reverse side of the mask faces inward, with the end of the metal strip facing upward, and hang the ropes at both ends over the ears.

 

04

       Compression and stretching
Press the metal strips on both sides of the bridge of the nose with both hands to make the upper end of the mask close to the bridge of the nose, and then stretch the mask downward to make the mask not wrinkle and better cover the nose and mouth.

 

 

       Take off the mask method

 

       ※ do not touch the front of the mask (contaminated surface);

※ untie the lower tie-wrap first, and then untie the upper tie-wrap;

※ pinch the strap of the mask with your fingers and throw it into the medical waste container. Wash your hands after removing the mask.

 

 

       There are "3 points" in the use process"

 

1. It is necessary to mold the nose clip, carefully cover the mouth and nose with a mask and fasten it, and reduce the gap between the face and the mask as much as possible;

2. It is necessary to avoid contact with the outside of the mask (contaminated surface) during use, and wash hands before wearing, before and after picking, and after contacting the outside (contaminated surface);

Must be used once! After using it, throw it away and avoid repeated wearing. After the mask is damp or contaminated with moisture, replace it with a new clean and dry mask, preferably every 2 to 4 hours.

 

 

       Special people choose protective masks must be careful:

 

       Pregnant womenWhen wearing a protective mask, you should pay attention to combining your own conditions, choose a product with better comfort, and consult a professional doctor before wearing it to confirm that your physical condition is suitable;
 
       The elderly and patients with chronic diseasesPhysical condition is different, such as heart and lung disease patients wear, may cause discomfort, should seek the doctor's professional guidance;
 
       ChildrenIn the growth and development stage, and its face is small, the general mask is difficult to achieve the effect of close, it is recommended to choose the regular manufacturers of children's protective masks.
     

 

       Hand washing is also an effective form of prevention

 

After coughing or sneezing, after patient care, before meals and after defecation

After going home, touching garbage, petting animals

Remember to wash your hands.

 

When washing hands, pay attention to using running water.

and use soap or hand sanitizer

The kneading time is not less than 15 seconds

 

To facilitate memory

Rubbing steps are simply summed up as seven-character formula:

Inner-outer-clip-bow-large-vertical-wrist

 

 

(Source: CCTV News, Health Hubei, Zhejiang News, etc.)

 

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